CQD Special Seminar

6. February 2019 14:00

Seminarraum, Institut für Theoretische Physik, Philosophenweg 19

Second sound and superfluidity in ultracold quantum gases

Dr. Vijay Singh
Hamburg University

Ultracold atom systems are well-controlled and tunable quantum systems, and thereby enable us to explore quantum many-body effects,  such as superfluidity, or second sound. In this talk, I will examine second sound and superfluidity in ultracold quantum gases using analytical and simulation techniques. I will report on the second sound measurements in the BEC-BCS crossover and provide a theoretical description of the second sound velocity on the BEC side of the system [1]. Here, I will demonstrate that the second sound velocity vanishes at the superfluid-thermal boundary, which is a defining feature of second sound. In the second part of this talk, I will investigate superfluidity of ultracold quantum gases via laser stirring. I will present the stirring experiments in the BEC- BCS crossover and provide a quantitative analysis of the breakdown of superfluidity [2]. I will then investigate superfluidity of 2D Bose gases across the Kosterlitz-Thouless transition and provide a quantitative understanding of the experiments performed in the Dalibard group [3]. I will also present the noise correlations of 2D Bose gases in short time of flight and use them to determine the superfluid phase of the recent experiments at Hamburg [4].

[1] D. Hoffmann, V. P. Singh, T. Paintner, W. Limmer, L. Mathey, and J. H. Denschlag, Second sound in the BEC-BCS crossover, forthcoming.

[2] W. Weimer, K. Morgener, V. P. Singh, J. Siegl, K. Hueck, N. Luick, L. Mathey, and H. Moritz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 095301 (2015); V. P.  Singh et al., Phys. Rev. A 93, 023634 (2016).

[3] V. P. Singh, C. Weitenberg, J. Dalibard, and L. Mathey, Phys. Rev. A 95, 043631 (2017).

[4] V. P. Singh and L. Mathey, Phys. Rev. A 89, 053612 (2014).


Prof. Dr. M. Weidemüller
Physikalisches Institut
Im Neuenheimer Feld 226
69120 Heidelberg
Claudia Krämer
21.6.2023 16:15 / 17:00
Dipolar quantum gases: From rotons to supersolids to vortices
Dr. Manfred Johann Mark, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Universität Innsbruck, INF 227, Hörsaal 1